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René Quinton and Seawater (Chronology of Their Relationship)

Chronology of the Marine Method of René Quinton

Compilation carried out by Dr. Francisco Javier Martínez Ruiz and Dr. Maria Jesús Clavera Ortiz, [in Barcelona (Spain), since February 2002, for the International Meeting of Interuniversity Dialogue on 'AGUA DE MAR' at the University of La Laguna ( Santa Cruz de Tenerife) and University of Las Palmas (Santa Cruz de La Palma), Canary Islands (Spain), on May 15, 2003.

Date Event

-5000 Mesopotamia: Hundreds of plants, substances from animals and minerals, most of marine origin, were used to alleviate pain and disease. The Mediterranean and the Red Sea were the suppliers.

-4000 Egypt: The flourishing of medical practices was reflected in the Egyptian papyri. The Ebers papyrus cites more than 250 plants and other remedies of marine origin as resources to heal people.

-2953 to -2838 China: Emperor FU-SHI, father of Traditional Chinese Medicine, taught the nutritional and therapeutic use of marine products. Fish oils, liver of certain fish, pulverized seashells, skeletons and coral fossils were part of the medical arsenal.

-1000 Right at the beginning of the book of Genesis, the story of God's creative work begins, speaking of the ‘primordial waters’: "The Spirit of God walked on the waters of the seas" (Genesis 1: 2). .

-518 to -446 Pindar, great Greek poet, wrote the loa "Water is the best there is."


-480 to -406 Euripides classical Greek playwright, says "The sea cures all the evils of men"

-428 to -347 Plato states "The sea cures all ailments of men"

600 to 1300 European medieval period: Arabs and Latinos had knowledge of the benefits of corals and marine organisms, which they used therapeutically.

1850 Collecting Carnot's works on Thermodynamics, written in 1829 and resurrected by Kelvin in 1844, in 1850 Clausius discovered the existence of Entropy and enunciated the Second Principle of Thermodynamics, or Carnot-Clausius Law

1865 Claude Bernard speaks for the first time of the "internal liquid medium" or internal medium, initially only referring to blood, although later he extended it to lymph. In this medium the cells (60 trillion = 1014) continue to live in the original aquatic conditions.

1866 Dec 15 Birth of René Quinton in Chaumes de Brie (Seine-et-Marne), France. His father was mayor of the city, by medical profession, from a family of doctors.

1878 Claude Bernard writes "The phenomena of life" and confirms the role of the "internal liquid medium" or "internal medium" as "the totality of circulating liquids in the organism" (blood and lymph mainly), indicating that some "mechanisms regulators" maintained "internal liquid medium" in the original conditions, constituting the so-called "physiological autonomy". Claude Bernard establishes the fixation (temperature and chemical composition) of the "internal liquid medium", but says nothing about its origin.

1881 After leaving the Chaptal Lyceum, Quinton chooses the career of Letters, works as an art critic and, like Claude Bernard, writes some comedies.

1882 Pasteur inoculates anthrax to chicks (usually refractory to anthrax) with or without their legs submerged in cold water (which causes them to lower their body temperature from 107.6 º F to 98.6 ° F): only chilled chicks get sick and die; but if before they die they are sheltered and placed in a heated chamber, they recover and the bacillus anthracis disappears from their blood. Only with this experiment should Pasteur have deduced that the microbial agent is not sufficient in the pathogenesis and / or therapy of a disease and that the terrain and the "conditions of the internal environment" (including sufficient temperature) and the "terrain" are much more important aspects, and the decisive factor.

Later, Jolyet demonstrated that the rabbit (naturally vulnerable to anthrax) easily defeats inoculated anthrax infection when its temperature rises from 102.2 ºF to 107.6-109.4 ºF.

After World War II, German professors Henri Lampert and Goetze observe the behavior of superficial cancers when patients are subjected to progressive baths of increasing temperature and long duration: “Malignant cell begins to weaken when body temperature rises artificially to 102.2 ºF and at 107.6 ºF it dies. On the other hand, the healthy cell easily supports an internal temperature of 109.4 ºF and is only at risk near 113 ºF"

1889 Charles Richet writes "The Animal Heat". In this work there are no differences in temperature between homeotherms.

1891 Paul Regnard writes in “Recherches expérimentales sur les conditions physiques de la vie dans les eaux” the surprising and intense phosphorescence of the black seabed bottoms,

1895 Claude Bernard (debtor of Blainville "The intimate medium") writes "Introduction to the Etude of Medicine Experimentale"

1895 autumn Viper scene, seen by Quinton on his family property in Burgundy, when René Quinton was 21 years old

1896 Quinton goes to see Charles Richet (author of "The Animal Heat" in 1889), but he rejects the Quintonian theory stating dogmatically and improperly that "all mammals have temperatures of 98.6-102.2 Fº"

1896 E.J. Marey, Professor of Natural History at the Collège de France, is shocked to hear Quinton. In 10 minutes Quinton explains the question that throughout his life he could not answer: "Why do birds fly?" Marey promotes Quinton to a physiologist assistant in his laboratory to perform animal calorimetry experiments.

1896 Quinton writes "Les deux poles foyers d'origine, Origine austral de l’homme"

1897 At the Pathological Physiology Laboratory of Higher Studies of the College de France, where Marey has employed Quinton as an assistant, and in the presence of several researchers, Quinton performs the following groups of experiments:

1st group of experiments: (Additive injections) A dog weighing 10 kg and rectal 104 °F, Quinton slowly and successfully injects i.v. 6.6 kg of isotonic and isothermal seawater (66% of body weight). Moved by that experiment, a dog of the same characteristics, Dr. Hallión (of the Academy of Medicine) successfully injected i.v. 10.4 Kg of isotonic and isothermal seawater (104% of body weight) in 11.6 hours. (This is equivalent to injecting 62.4 kg of seawater for 12 hours into a 60 kg person.) The animal excretes 9.4 Kg of urine (90.4% of the administered), without albuminuria, agitation or diarrhea, performing at that time the kidney a job 60 times higher than normal. The rectal temperature drops to at least 98.24ºF, but 70 min after the injection it has 102.2 ºF rectal.

Traces of albumin are detected during the 12 h after injection, which disappear afterwards. In the following days the dog looks more lively than before the experiment.

Quinton repeats the experiment but quickly injecting a brutal amount of seawater, so that the kidney does not have time to eliminate it: injects a dog weighing 5 kg, 3.5 kg (70%) of isotonic and isothermal seawater in 90 min. There is a great ascites, bradycardia, coma and disappearance of the corneal reflex. But it survives and on day 11 it regains weight and shows maximum joy and exuberance.

2nd group of experiments: (Substitute injections) Quinton bleeds completely (425 gr. In 4 min) and without asepsis to a dog, until the abolition of its corneal reflex. With the blood drawn from the dog (total surgical hypovolemia), Quinton removes the red and white blood cells, as well as the nutrients that the blood contains. Immediately afterwards, replace the amount extracted with isotonic seawater (532 cc of seawater at 73.4 ºF in 11 min), achieving:

At the beginning: The corneal reflex and panting rest reappear

Day 2: The dog runs, despite having 42.6% of red blood cells and 63% of hemoglobin compared to the initial situation.

Day 3: The suppurative wound, 104 ºF fever, prostration and despondency.

Day 4: Idem, but red blood cells are 44.4% and hemoglobin is 84% ​​compared to the initial situation. Leukocytosis of 24,000.

Subsequent days: progressive and rapid restoration. From the 8th day the manifestations of joy and vivacity are notorious and superior to those of the initial state. 5 years later the dog dies in an accident (The doctor Dr Tussaud repeats the Quinton experiment months later, but using physiological serum: the dog survives only two months and in the most extreme dejection and asthenia)

3rd group of experiments: (Leukocyte culture) Quinton dilutes blood (from tench, frog, lizard, rabbit, dog and human) in isotonic and isothermal seawater: unlike what happens with the physiological serum (where they die at 2 hours), leukocytes of all species are still alive and mobile, not altering any of their characteristics (human leukocytes persist 21 days on average)

Conclusion: Law of Marine Constancy =

« Animal life appearing at a cellular level in the oceans tends to maintain cells that constitute organisms for their higher cellular functioning through zoological series in a marine medium of origin. »

Constancy laws derived from this will be:

The Law of Thermal Constancy

The Law of Osmotic Constancy

The Law of Light Constancy

1895-1925 Quinton develops, experiments and confirms his theory. It speaks of a "vital medium" that is not only extracellular, but also the biogenetic of the origins, in the precambrian "Panthalassa": 111.2 ºF and 7-8 g / L of osmolarity.

This vital medium is not the "cellular living matter", but the liquid that bathes it, enables and nourishes and that keeps it clean, energetic and renewed. For 50 years ahead of the importance of Trace Elements, Quinton states that the vital environment contains all the elements (sometimes in quantity of traces) that seawater contains. Food does not decide the composition of an organism but instead it is the primary composition of the organism that decides the need and choice of food.

1897 In a Parisian hospital, Quinton administers an i.v. injection to a first patient (in a terminal coma, for typhus). Very strong sea water isotonized with distilled water. He predicts to the hospital staff that the patient will recover, ask for a drink and some food; When Quinton returns after 7 hours, the patient is fully recovered, out of danger. Faced with this result, the hospital entrusts a second desperate case: a young man who voluntarily poisoned with oxalic acid. Massive intravenous injections of sea water isotonized with distilled water, produce the same miracle Quinton distrusts despite the isotonization with distilled water of seawater, and experiences: immerses hedgehog eggs and white blood cells in said mixture and checks that survive us; However, they do survive when seawater is isotonized with filtered spring water. Hereafter uses 700 g of this mixture (for an adult of 65 kg) for his IV injections, with decreasing periods every 5, 4, 3 and 2 days. After a successful experiment in which Dr. Stancouleanu subcutaneously applies the mixture to a cirrhotic with erysipelas, Quinton will adopt the subcutaneous route as preferred.

1897-1904 Quinton successfully applied its marine treatment in hospitals, asylums and services in Paris, Mouleaux, Lalesque and Festal. Cases of infectious gastroenteritis, syphilis, tuberculosis, etc., are either recovered, or have surprising and prolonged improvements. Quinton also experiments with physiological serum and realizes that the results are poorer than when using seawater.

1903 The use of Quinton marine plasma is recognized by the French Health. The Social Security gala will recognize, pay and use until 1982.

1904 Edmon Perrier (Professor and Director of the Natural History Museum), replacing Marey (sick and who will die weeks later) presents in a session of the Academy of Sciences the book by René Quinton entitled "L'Eau de mer, milieu organique "And dedicated precisely to Marey. This book has a great impact not only scientific, but also philosophical, moral, religious, political, international etc. and it is echoed by numerous magazines and newspapers that speak of the "French Darwin"

1905 Quinton, together with Dr Mace and Dr Potocki (Paris hospital tocologists) contrast with 40 children physiological serum therapy vs. seawater. In the Service des debiles et des enfants malades de la Maternidad, it was observed that these weak children who, on average, gained weight 1.64 g / day, increased 5.3 g with physiological serum (increased 3.66 g / day), but increased 9.7 g / day with seawater (increase of 8.06 g / day), which implies more than double the increase. In the beginning Quinton and his collaborators use very strong doses 500-700 cc in a single injection. Gabriel Lacheze (hospital internist at Saint-Joseph) studies these and other contrasts of the physiological serum as a work of his thesis. the sea water, concluding that the therapy with sea water "is really alive" ("the serum is to the sea water, like a mixture of distilled water and bicarbonate is to the Water of Vichy", sentence).

However, in order to facilitate its transport and storage, Quinton cold microfilters its sea water isotonicized with very scarcely mineralized aqua fontana, passing the mixture through a ceramic filter (also called Chamberlain or porcelain), verifies that it lacks of microorganisms and that can be preserved in ampoules (glass, without contact with heat or metals). That is why he prefers not to speak of an "organic state" or living in the water of his therapies, although he does not believe that it is an "inorganic state" or dead the water he uses: he prefers to speak, however, of "unorganized organic state", intuiting in this way the action of the prebiotic compounds of carbon chemistry, coming from the marine communities that were in those waters.

Quinton never conceived of marine plasma as a medicine, but as a broth or natural culture medium exactly adapted to the needs of the living cell. With it he intended to move the degraded or vitiated vital environment by replacing it with a new, fresh and vitalizing one.

1906 The philosopher Henri Bergson publishes "Evolutión creatice" is based on the laws discovered by Quinton and attacks that the Second Principle of Thermodynamics (or Carnot-Clausius Law) also governs life "Everything happens as if he did his best to skip the laws of inert matter ... the analyzes show in life an effort to raise the slope that matter is descending"

1906 Albert Dastre (Claude Bernard's favorite disciple) presents a summary of the theory of René Quinton (a self-taught without degrees) at the Institut de France, in a solemn session that brings together the 5 Academies. Dastre concludes masterfully: "Darwin teaches us that obedience to the Law of Adaptation governs animal forms. Quinton teaches us that resistance to adaptation governs animal life."

1906 Great masters of the medical world have experienced the Marine Method, based on what was published by René Quinton who, without being a doctor or having turned 40, already has 50 original published works and 5 doctoral theses defended in the Faculties of Medicine, all based on your Marine Method.

Quinton is especially impressed with the spectacular results obtained in children and infants with audacity (general atrophy of newborns). In an epidemic of childhood cholera with very high mortality, 100% of children treated with Quinton plasma are saved, including very terminal ones. Quinton feels a moral duty to the 70,000 annual infant deaths that in France alone were caused by childhood cholera, daring and gastrointestinal diseases. When the sociologist Gustave le Bon invites Quinton to write books for his Scientific collection at the Flammarión Publishing House, Quinton replies that "for the moment I have more pressing duties than writing books."

1907 Dr Robert-Simon publishes results of transient improvements (4-5 weeks) but very surprising in terminal cancer patients treated with Quinton plasma.

1907 March Quinton opens his first Dispensary in a small place in Paris, where he welcomes hundreds of mothers who entrust their dying children. Large queues are formed at the door of the Dispensary, where more than 300 injections are administered daily: the homeless do not pay and those with limited resources give what they can. One of his assistants in that Dispensary, Jean Jarricot, becomes one of his most faithful followers.

1907 Dec La Marquesa de Mc-Mahon opens a second Dispensary in Paris, where 500 patients / day, children and adults are injected.

1907-08 Public opinion is impressed by "the somewhat instantaneous cures obtained in dying young children. An hour after the beginning of their treatment, they appear full of life and are saved, writes Parville, a renowned scientific writer in "La Nature". Numerous photographic testimonies of "before and after" witness amazing recoveries in a few weeks. With about 100,000 injections a year in the hospitals of Paris, the French and world press echoes numerous articles on the success of the Quinton Marine Method and at the popular level enthusiasts declare it "Benefactor of Humanity."

1907-08 After having compared it to Quinton with Darwin, he is now compared to Pasteur. But there is a capital difference:

Pasteur focuses on the "agent" as the basis of his therapy (ending the agent before it ends the environment or terrain)

Quinton focuses on the "internal environment" (if this is correct, he will finish with the agent only) The editor of L'Intransigeant writes in 1907: "Pasteur's works give us a conception of the disease, those of Quinton provide a conception of health ... What is a Pasteur serum ?. It is a particular serum of a disease and against this disease, a serum that attacks a microbe determined and no other.

What is sea water? It is a serum that does not attack any particular microbe, but gives the organic cell the strength to fight against all"

1907-08 Small attacks on the Quinton Marine Method begin, based on irony about the 'marine faith' or highlighting above all the non-improvements and deaths that occur {generally in the case of tuberculosis (usually using very insufficient doses [3 injections of 5 g of marine serum, for example])}. Later, Dr. Lavasort (Secretary General of the "Central Office for the Suppression of the Illegal Exercise of Medicine") publishes a letter in "Le Concours Medical", where he questions the effectiveness of the Marine Method, emphasizing the potential dangers of the same, attacks Quinton because he is not a doctor, referring to the text of the Law of 1892.

In the "Journal of Medecine," Dr. Archambault abounds on the same subject, stating that "marine medicine is a Chinese tale, a theory from which a therapy has been taken to which precluded minds have granted their authority, because the miracle of intelligence does not protect the great sages, and common sense does not always ally with talent "

The Paris Medical Society, its president, Dr Dagmat, declares that "the therapeutic method in question has been created in all its aspects outside the medical body. If the public is interested in it today, it must be recognized that it is only due to newspaper articles without any scientific character and to some propaganda in favor of the Special Dispensaries created for the needs of the cause"

1908-12 The French and international homeopathic movement is adopting the Quinton Marine Method, in which they see components formed part of its arsenal: the natural dynamization of marine waters, the importance that Quinton attached to traces and rare elements, etc.

1908 Dr Arnulphy, president of the French Homeopathic Association presents the Quinton method at Hanemann Medical College in Chicago

1908-14 Quinton leaves part of his scientific efforts to devote himself to the development of aeronautics in France

1909 Julien de Lagonde, a journalist from Toulouse, is impressed after the results seen in one of the Quinton Dispensaries in Paris.

He writes: "When I said goodbye, Mr. Quinton told me: you have a pen. Well, I hold him responsible for the pain of all the mothers who will cry for their children and for the abandonment of all the children who will cry for their mother, responsible for the anguish present in all homes that, due to their silence and shyness, are deprived of this method. Be my witness before your audience and say what needs to be said to help my mission be accomplished."


For three years, Julien de Lagonde started a campaign in L’Expres deu Midi in Toulouse to raise funds. He is accused of being an agent interested in a seawater trade, he is asked what his share of the benefits is, he has been charged a huge commission. But finally, in 1912 a Marine Dispensary opens in Toulouse, which is immediately besieged by a multitude of patients. Following this first example, other Dispensaries are founded in France, usually by medical initiatives. In Elbeuf, Nancy, Dunkirk, Pont-a-Mousson, Brest, Reims, Commercy, Saint-Denis, Dugny, Creil. But, the most important of all will be that of Lyon, directed by Dr Jean Jarricot, who performs more than 150,000 injections a year.

Seawater injection services are created in many sections of Hospitals and Charities of the time.

1911 Dr. Arnulphy introduces the Marine Method in a part of the US medical world of the time. American hospitals, like Boston’s Children’s Hospital, adopt sea serum. Marine Clinics appear in Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, Holland and Algeria.

1912 Dr Arnulphy, president of the French Homeopathic Association presents the Quinton method at the American Institute of Homeopathy (with more than 8,000 affiliated homeopaths), before homeopathic doctors in the great cities of the United States. Following its communications, the Marine Method was officially adopted by this association.

1912 Princess Elena, sister of Eduardo VII, aunt of George V and William II, goes to Paris personally to visit the Quinton Dispensaries and begin the Marine Method, in order to direct the Dispensary she wants to create in London.

1912 In summer, 700-900 children died each week in Cairo. Egyptian doctors, the Child Protective Society and Governor Lord Kitchener asked Quinton to study the problem on the ground. Quinton spends several seasons in Cairo and founded a Dispensary in Alexandria: its result is spectacular. In children's cholera, and in children with an average of 3 kg of weight (2 liters of internal medium), Quinton and collaborators apply for 18 days more than 5.5 liters of sea serum (2.5 times their internal medium), distributed as follows: 10 days: 400 gr / day (one injection in the morning and another one in the afternoon of 200 gr.); for another 8 days the children received 200 gr / day. Chefik Pacha of Cairo dismisses him with a speech in which he says: "May I join my voice to the hosannas of joy who everywhere greet the prestigious magician who has come to expel the cursed plague of the mothers and has thus brought joy to our families ..."

1913 Based on his experience at the Quinton Marine Dispensary in Paris, Jean Jarricot publishes his book "The Marine Dispensaries", and founded the Lyon Marine Dispensary.

1914 World War I broke out. Although he is 48 years old and exempt from integrating into a combat unit, Quinton is integrated as a private in the front line of fire. Before joining the front, Quinton predicted that his marine work would be partially forgotten, if only temporarily.

The use of the Marine Method based on injections is abruptly interrupted in Conventional (allopathic) Medicine since then, except for Jean Jarricot's experiences. Before 1914, more than 150 titles of important communications, works and doctoral thesis on Quinton plasma are detected in France alone; after 1914 and until 1956 we only found the work of Jean Jarricot.

1914-18 Participation of René Quinton, in the First World War. Artillery Captain in the Reserve the beginning of the War, is soon promoted Head of Heavy Artillery Squadron and does not cease to fight in the front line of fire for 4.5 years. Participate in 27 bloody battles. He is injured on numerous occasions, almost always by exploding howitzers (on the head, cheekbone, nose, left ear, neck, left acromion, right leg, left leg, heel and left foot, heel and right foot, soles of the feet, etc).

He is decorated on numerous occasions: Named 'Knight of the Order of Saint Leopold' by the Belgian king, 'French and Belgian' War Cross ',' Officer of the Legion of Honor ',' British cross of distinguished services ',' American cross of distinguished services',

He is quoted on numerous occasions: "for the courage and bravery demonstrated", for "the most infrequent fearlessness, without it being possible to summarize his acts of bravery, He does not cease to give the most beautiful example of cold blood, energy and delivery", " He has proved, in the command of a group of heavy artillery, of the most beautiful qualities of cold blood under the violent fire of the enemy, following the first infantry lines, recognizing new observatories, specifying considerably their shots ","officer of a marked bravery","In Nieuport, for 25 months, his group suffered the cruelest losses without any loss of morals","stands out for his courage and cold blood","affirms himself as an excellent commander, retaining the highest authority and knowing get maximum performance from its staff in the most difficult circumstances, "has consistently set an example of value, dedication and tenacity. In the offense of Verdun, despite the severe losses received, and at the cost of a great effort, he has secured all the missions entrusted to him","superior officer with a competition, ardor and fearlessness without equal","drove the same the team of his subordinates, marching after the infantry in the first wave of assault","obtained from his batteries the maximum performance; In a short time he had ingenious systems to remove three batteries, saving them from a safe capture by the enemy","his impulse was energetic and clarified in difficult circumstances","his behavior was a magnificent example of a soldier with courage and energy", etc.

1917 In act of service suffers a significant freezing of both feet. The writing of "Maximes sur la Guerre" begins

1918 Quinton returns from the War. He is passionate about the 'Cephalic Index' research. At a time when aeronautical builders build biplanes, Quinton performs a great activity in favor of monoplane flying without an engine.

1919 The military rank of ‘lieutenant colonel’ is recognized on a definitive basis, due to war merits.

1920 Receives the ‘Legion of Honor’, for war merits.

1921 Dr. Jean Jarricot publishes the work "Le Dispensaire Marin, a nouveau de puericulture organism", dedicated to Quinton, summarizing with statistics and photographs a decade of concrete results. This is the only communication or work published after 1914 and until 1956 about the Quinton Marine Method.

In this work Jarricot writes: "The sea serum has a field of action with no known limit and it is foreseeable that it covers the whole pathology ... The Marine Method lends itself to an easy irony for those who wish to judge the facts through pure reasoning, as if the experimental method did not exist yet. These mentalities have "demonstrated" and taught for a long time that blood was not circulating. They were the ones who for a long time hindered Pasteur and the new guiding ideas in biology. they also stubbornly persuaded themselves to see only one medicine in the seawater and, without understanding that a medicine could have such a wide sphere of activity, they will refuse a priori to believe in the facts and the results that lie before their noses "Jarricot emphasizes the importance of using the Marine Method properly, in order to avoid apparent failures:

"Naturally, it is not about resorting to the Marine Method by injecting any dose of seawater"

  "The method has long since come out of the testing and experimentation period"

"The amount injected (very variable according to the indications), the repetition of the dose, the duration of the treatment, the bath as an anti-thermal for the children and also for them the sea water in injection as an antiemetic, the Instinct-vorism, the division of the diet in an appropriate number of meals, a whole series of rules, established by Quinton, make marine therapy a very defined method"

"The rule is that one hour after the first injection, the child who arrived dying and vomiting absolutely everything, holds a bottle of water and an hour later the first bottle of milk. In most cases, the suppressed digestive faculty is restored already and so well, that the child easily gains 500 g of weight in 24 hours only. He fixes water on his tissues greedily, just as easily as before he let her escape from his body. Less than two hours after the injection of seawater, an improved physiognomy is drawn that replaces the unforgettable appearance of the agonizing choleric"

1924-25 Quinton prepares to publish its conclusions after years of anthropometric measurements that refute Broca's hypothesis that claimed that the individual ‘Cephalic Index proporción (proportion between maximum transverse and anteroposterior diameters) was unchanged from birth. Quinton discovers that all children are born with a 'Cephalic Index' always around 77, and with a 'Nasal Index' of 100, which are characteristic of the entire human species, but are independent of the father, mother and the race. Only later, in the first months of life, these indices vary until they acquire those of their own race. Quinton thinks, this is so because the fetus is subject to physiological laws that govern our species, and not to the individuals of its race. With more reason he thinks that the fetus probably escapes even more recent characters of immediate inheritance, from which he deduces the basis of “Prenatal Treatment”: acting on the fetus through the mother, he should be able to be freed from many defects that come of his ascendants. Previous experiences of Quinton, together with doctors Mace and Arnulphy (who founded the “Maritime Prenatal Tracking Service” in Nice), had shown promising results: Prenatal treatments with sea serum brought to zero the number of incidents of multiparous pregnant mothers ( ≥5) who had previously had 28% premature births, 14% intrauterine deaths and 59% infant deaths before the year of age.

Anatomical stigmas, syphilitic inheritance and hereditary predispositions to tuberculosis, major diseases, etc. are totally or partially defeated. Prenatal treatments with pregnant animals were also splendid.

Even after their birth, Quinton also treated children stigmatized by inherited disorders: children with syphilis, tuberculosis, hereditary arthritis, alcoholism, dystrophy or with simple thinness or weakness, all were treated with a regimen of marine injections, a liberal diet ( instinctive) and extensive contact with the mother, without hospitalization, even in the most serious cases.

1925 Jul 9 Affected by the aftermath of his war wounds and continuing tensions, after resolving a serious crisis that has erupted within the Aeronautical League, René

Quinton dies in Paris from angina pectoris, at age 58. Four days later, distinguished figures and an impressive crowd dismiss him at his funeral.

When Quinton died he was at the peak of his glory and was universally recognized; their dispensaries flourished and their numbers increased incessantly; his seawater conditioning laboratory (in Pessac) was operating at full capacity.

However, after his death came a successive forgetting of his work and direction. The emergence of antimicrobials and modern resuscitation instruments, as well as the death of their fellow adventurers, caused one by one the Dispensaries closed; oblivion slowly and silently covered his work. Editions of his books were destroyed and Pessac's laboratory was outdated and closed definitively in 1980, due to insurmountable problems with the Ministry of Health.

1929 Ducalux confirms that isotonic seawater injections cause a increased kidney stimulation, a fact already clinically observed by Quinton and Loeb in 1912

1931 A monument to René Quinton is erected in Chaumes de Brie, hometown of Quinton. (As a teenager, Quinton predicted: “one day I will have my statue there”)

1932 Jean Jarricot observes that the kidney eliminates twice as much urine (in volume and solids) after a subcutaneous perfusion of marine-plasma than after an injection of synthetic physiological serum.

This refutes indiscriminate prejudices such as that 'salt' retains liquids and / or is responsible for hypertension (what salt?), And / or that 'water' makes people slim (what water?). Experience shows that ‘devitalized’ (industrial), ‘mutilated’ (incomplete) sera cause avidity / retention of liquids, but that the panionic, harmonic, natural sera, in fact DOES NOT cause avidity / retention of liquids, if not the opposite: less water is drunk, the nephron eliminates 2.5 times more liquid, they retain less liquids, you have less appetite and you eat less; as a consequence, overweight is eliminated and one is more agile and healthy.


1936 American Zobell points out for the first time the extraordinary antibiotic power of seawater: ‘99% of germs from sewers are not present after two days in seawater’

1938 Scientist Carpentier checks the antibiotic effect by observing ‘an 80% decrease in germs after half an hour of being in seawater’

1946 The French Heim de Balzac, Bertozzi and Goudin prove the antibiotic power of seawater on enteric germs spilled by contaminated tributaries. One of the tests that can be included in the Antibiograms plates is to deposit a drop of seawater: a very long list of pathogens will be sensitive and will die.

1946 The work of W. B. Cannon (Professor of Physiology in Harvarda and Sorbonne) entitled "La sagesse du corps", inspired by (and dedicated to) the work of Claude Bernard, is published in France. The "wisdom of the body" is that it does everything possible, through multiple devices, to preserve the integrity of the "liquid matrix of life" or "internal environment." "All vital mechanisms, whatever their variety, have only one purpose: to keep the vital conditions of the internal environment constant." (pH, osmolarity, temperature, etc). They do this through "homeostatic devices."

The Internal Environment can be estimated as about 15 liters (20% of body weight and 33% of total body water [33% = 6% blood + 2% lymph + 20% l. Extracellular + 3% l. Transcellular) secretions)])

1948 Erns Schrödinger publishes "What is life: the physical aspect of the living cell" and, without knowing probably Quinton's discoveries, states: "the phenomena of life do not seem to obey Carnot's principles and are even in flagrant contradiction with the 2nd Principle of Thermodynamics "" the higher temperature of warm-blooded animals offers the advantage of allowing them to get rid of their entropy faster, so that it allows more intense life processes "

1950 The work of Alexandre Bogomeltz (wise Russian president of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and died in 1946) entitled "Comment prolong la Vie" is published. In this work he says: "the essential condition for life to be prolonged is the periodic renewal of the interior environment, its rejuvenation"

1951 Lumiere develops the notion of ‘atavism‘ for diseases and demonstrates it in his publications. The inheritance of the ‘terrain’, a clinical somatopsychic entity that is related to a predisposition for the onset of diseases, when certain conditions converge is obvious. Although we are carriers of certain genes, we must ask ourselves what allows or does not express these genes.


1952 A group of French researchers scientifically demonstrates the "antibiotic power of seawater in relation to germs of enteric origin discharged by contaminated tributaries of cities" and "the fulminant antibiotics of seawater extracted approximately one kilometer from the shore"

1953 At the International Congress of Cellulotherapy (method created by Niehans) held in Paris, attendees are suggested to try with marine serum as a support for the cells to be injected, instead of with the classic physiological serum that was used until then. The results were such that cellulotherapists quickly abandoned the physiological serum and adopted the sea serum.

1953 Adding to the 'Quinton Plasma' (9 g / L), which is already existing isotonic serum, the 'Quinton Duplase' (21 g / L) is placed on the market, as a balanced mixture of hypertonic serum and isotonic serum, what allowed to reduce the volume of injection, not registering any incident in its use.

1953 Henry Doffin, professor at the University of Poitiers, writes: “The ocean, empire without limits of chemical and thermal stability, but also the field of mechanical and ionic mobility, is a means par excellence. Within its mother water, all the elements are more or less present. In this formidable fluid mass, enriched by all the salts taken from the rocks of the bottoms or provided by the rivers, each liter is ‘panatomic’, that is, it contains all the existing elements. That mass especially receives light and captures all energies. Eternally removed and penetrated by the air, it crosses in its transparency by the radiations and the cosmic effluviums, vibrant and warm, it puts in communication all the elements of the universal forces. thus the ocean, and only he, is capable of giving birth to terrestrial life ”


1955 Henry Doffin states: “Hydrates easily and quickly provide large crystals. Hydrated ions or molecules are usually organized according to crystalline networks, as if the bound water molecules serve as a lubricant, plasticizer or cement. The hydration is favorable to the building of crystalline constructions, the water lends its mobility, its flexibility and at the same time its link, to facilitate the organization. ” Water, rather than as a simple liquid, shows us as an amazing crystal with memory.

1956 Andre Mahe begins the recovery of the memory of René Quinton and his marine therapy by publishing an article in a large-scale magazine, editing a book and giving a lecture to a hundred doctors.

1956 Dr Jacques Menetrier, creator in France of "diathesis" and of trace element therapies, acknowledges in a letter to Andre Mahe: "It seems increasingly that ion exchanges are at the base of all metabolic phenomena and that these exchanges depend on the electrolytic medium and on a normal or disturbed ionic circulation (...) it seems that the catalysts intervene as exchangers and seawater as a medium of exchange. The particular nature of seawater, its affinity with trace elements, make it the most appropriate and favorable environment for life, that is, I believe, for natural exchange processes ”

1957 French physician Georges de la Farge, organizer of the X International Thalassotherapy Congress held in Cannes, inaugurates the Congress with a “Praise to René Quinton” stating that it had to be placed in the same range as Claude Bernard and Alexis Carrel. Georges de la Farge also presents its results regarding the antibiotic power of pure (hypertonic) seawater. It states that seawater is not bactericidal in itself (it contains a large number of non-pathogenic bacteria) and is only bactericidal for pathogens, that is, for bacteria that are harmful to higher organisms. "It would be impossible to practice in the cultivation of harmful microbes," he says

1957 Continuing Mnfred-Curry work, in 1957 Hansche observes a potent regulatory action of stomach and intestinal pH in seawater. The imbalances of this pH facilitate parasitosis, which sensitize the patient. The administration of seawater achieves numerous improvements in asthmatics and eczematous.

1957 May In the scientific supplement of "Le Figaro Litteraire" Roger Heim publishes an article entitled: "Cradle of humanity, will the ocean also be his grave?".

Relying on very solid references, this article showed the many aspects of the role that the sea plays in the transmission of radioactivity phenomena and mentioned the danger caused by the discharge of radioactive waste in the deep sea.

1958 The 50th anniversary of the first Quinton Dispensary is celebrated, recognizing the importance of his work. Professor Joannon (Professor of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene at the Faculty of Paris) concludes his speech by saying: “May the example of René Quinton be salutary for us, for all the people who after him try to continue this impulse! We have to fight sectarianism and fight for the expansion of medicine, without partisanship between schools ... We want most of the medicine to contain everything that is of recognized efficacy, according to impartial research ”

1958 Dr Jacques Menetrier publishes "Ce monde polarise", establishing in this book a bridge between the conceptions of Carrel, Schrödinger and Quinton and stating: "Quinton, at a time when our current physical and mathematical knowledge were only outlined ... I carry out his brilliant experiments on the organic environment, on white blood cells and on trace elements, even opening the way to the fundamental problem of the states of matter and catalytic functions ”

1959 Ortigao de Burnay, knight of the Legion of Honor and Secretary of the XI International Thalassotherapy Congress held in Estoril (Portugal) wrote to the President of the French Republic saying: “I think the best tribute we can pay to the memory of this great Frenchman that was René Quinton would resume, updated by current available means, his famous experiments on seawater and its biological and medical effects ”

The “René Quinton Association for the Study, Research and Development in Marine Biotherapy” is founded in this Congress

1960 In a letter from Dr Pierre Colinet (former director of the Health Services of the High Commission in Germany and former WHO advisor) to Andre Mahe, regarding the use of marine plasma as a vehicle for cell-therapeutic applications, it is said: “ Before using isotonic seawater as a suspension element, we used Locke-Ringer's liquid, which had been chosen by Niehans and his collaborators, as the serum that was closest to normal physiology. We have been forced to use Quinton plasma because of local manifestations (indurations, resorption disorders, muscle aches) and general (shock state immediately after injection or in the next half hour, temperature rise independent of everything infectious element) that forced us to have patients under observation for a whole week, while now, with rare exceptions, we have about 50 hours.

In addition, Quinton plasma allows cell survival fresh between the moment they leave the laboratory and half an hour when they are implanted in the sick ... Since their use, we have virtually eliminated all major or minor discomforts ”

"It seems that Quinton plasma is endowed with this polymorphic antibiotism, and opposes the development of germs that, despite our aseptic precautions, could be introduced into our preparations in the course of various laboratory manipulations."

1960 Dr Paul le Gac (a prominent military doctor at the Pasteur Institute) obtains promising results in a treatment for sclerosis in plaques that in its final phase uses prolonged seaweed baths and a sea serum cure

1962 Andre Mahe writes his Introduction to the Thought of René Quinton in his book "Le secret des nos origines". In this book he highlights the checks made by numerous researchers about the bio-stimulatory power simultaneous to the microbicidal power of marine plasma; The consequences of this double behavior have enormous benefits in a world progressively replete with increasing resistance to increasingly potent antibiotics (antibiotics that also affect pathogenic microorganisms as well as saprophytes and partly damage the cells of our body).

Mahe ends his book by saying: “We want to know if the most illustrious of his companions were right when they considered him as equal to Darwin in the field of natural sciences, Pasteur in therapy, Claude Bernard in his definition of the inner environment. We want to know if his works constitute the decisive contribution to the entropic contradiction revealed by modern physics, because this conception highlighted by Schrödinger can guide the whole new phase of our evolution ... Professor Joannon has clearly perceived it:

René Quinton belongs to our future. It already belongs to our present. The oblivion that has involved and perhaps protected his work could only be provisional. This immense lying statue is not motionless for eternity: dozing while waiting for its time

1972 Laureano Alberto Domínguez writes his first story: "The disciples of salt"

1975 Powered by Don Juan José Gómez de Rueda, delegate of the Mexican Red Cross to Geneva are held in the Department of Physiology of

the University of La Laguna (Canary Islands, Spain) direct experiences of substitution of blood for seawater in animals, with successful results. Up to 3⁄4 parts of the blood of some dogs are replaced by seawater. Dr. Carlos Enrique Álvarez, a member of the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), a biologist, collaborated in these experiences.

1980 In the wake of insurmountable problems with the French Ministry of Health, the production of marine plasma in the old-fashioned Pessac Laboratory founded by Quinton was definitively stopped. Injectable marine plasma, the one that saved the lives of thousands of infants worldwide, would be banned by legal obstacles arising from the severe 'pharmacopoeia' standards (perfect invariability and sterility, constant homogeneity, etc.) that on the use of medications imposed in the European Community (as well as in almost all the "developed" world).

1981 After decades of separating ourselves (ourselves and our animals) from our natural vitalizers and an antimicrobial and antipesticide "Hubris", a "Nemesis" of emerging and reemerging diseases in humans and their cattle wakes up slowly: ancient diseases acquire variants more and more resistant and new forms of immune, degenerative and chronic diseases appear. Recognized start of the AIDS pandemic in New York. Five years later (1986), the first recognized cases of "Mad Cow Cows" appear in the United Kingdom.

1982 Abruptly, after almost 80 years of successful and trouble-free use, Social Security gala outlaws the use of Quinton marine plasma, and stops using it, financing it and recognizing it.

1987 Álvaro Altés Domínguez, biologist and writer writes an article in the magazine 'Integral' (Barcelona, ​​Spain), entitled 'The marine plasma, the revolutionary therapy of René Quinton', with the summary of the direct experiences of substitution of blood for water of sea in animals, carried out at the University of La Laguna in 1975. The article, read by Laureano Domínguez in Colombia, will channel in it the impulse to investigate and hereafter apply the Marine Method

1988 Jun Dr. Jacques Benveniste, director of research at INSERM in Paris, studying the phenomena of allergic hypersensitivity, verifies by means of double-blind experiments with coded specimens, the 'dilution effect' and the 'water memory': dilutions and agitations successive catalysts beyond the Avogadro No, retain their catalytic effect. He is vehemently criticized by the official scientific establishment.

1989 Anrep, a former partner of Quinton, dies that, in his last years, after long battles with the French Administration, tried to resuscitate at least the parenteral veterinary use and the human use of marine plasma in the form of drinkable ampoules.


In a university study, Dewaine and Ashmead showed that any mineral deficiency makes vitamins little or no assimilable, even if we have them in the diet. However, the use of available minerals is always feasible and is not influenced by the decrease or absence of vitamins. Marine plasma can absorb any vitamin, but the physiological serum or the simple use of table salt (sodium chloride), CAN'T!

1990 It is observed that in the Ryukyu Islands, of coral origin, neighboring Okinawa (Japan), many people are over 100 years old. This longevity is attributed to the population drinking water that seeps naturally through a coral substrate: although this water is hard, it prevents cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in the world. People who live in other regions of volcanic origin and who drink soft water have a lower life expectancy.


Pierre Moreau of the University of Montpellier demonstrates the capital importance of the initial quality and mode of absorption of trace elements, (which appear in concentrations <10-18), taking into account their agonisms and antagonisms.

Metalloproteins (transport proteins) do not recognize or bind with simple isolated mineral ions, but do so with 'organized' or 'bioavailable' ions (such as those that exist in marine plasma, or as those that are incorporated into living beings): the union that is formed is labile, and breaks under the effects of electromagnetic radiation (such as mobile phones), as evidenced by CW Smith & Simon Best. "The electromagnetic man", Ed. ENCRE. ISBN 2-73377-138-1, [in French]. Maybe that's why marine plasma stored more than 3 days loses bio-properties (urban buildings and, above all, refrigerators, have a lot of electromagnetic pollution)

Trace elements marketed in the form of various salts (gluconates, pidolate, orotate, etc.) use an industrial technique based on ‘ligands‘ (a kind of cement) to solve the problem of organic assimilation.

This entails an imbalance of the intestinal mucosa transport protein systems; For example: The absorption of Copper organized in ligands (which is administered for the treatment of infectious or inflammatory conditions) depends on the transporter metallothioneins of the Copper and Zinc ions, which produce a side of zinc transport, which finally has a impact on more than 100 enzyme systems.

The nutritive or therapeutic use of seawater naturally and synergistically absorbs all ‘trace elements’ (80 elements = 16%, perhaps much more important than ClNa = 84% of the sea), and lacks all these disadvantages.

1993 Eminent physicist Luu Dang Vinh points out that “when old age comes intracellular water decreases while extracellular increases, which means that the activity of cells decreases. thus, we can think that dehydration corresponds to a decrease in biological activity ”

1994 Alfred Pischinger, at the University of Vienna, confirms the observations that Duclaux made in 1929 (associating the processes of ‘dehydration‘ with the processes of ‘gelation‘). The extra extracellular matrix ‘(MEC) acts as a true system of information, communication and regulation of homeostasis (‘Base Regulation System’). In the composition and functions of the MEC, the concentration and synergistic relationships of ions is essential.

Our hydration decreases with age. The one-month embryo is made up of 94% water, the newborn for 80%, at the beginning of old age by 65%. The sensation of thirst decreases with age, which decreases the water contributions, which modifies the function of the ECM, increasing its activity, which causes the decrease of intracellular water. A dehydrated child is similar to an old man, since in both the ‘gel state of the internal fluids increases, thereby increasing the ability to coagulate and flocculate.

Seawater injections 'de-gelify' and, therefore, rehydrate; and, therefore, rejuvenate or revitalize ..

1994 Frederic Viñas, a Catalan naturopathic doctor trained in Germany, wins the Dr. F. López Asión award for his book "Our Inland Sea"

1997 In Cannenpass-Riffard, Professor Vles states: "Biology is nothing but water science." Water is a dipole (the simplest expression of Ying-Yang, after the hydrogen atom itself) and, in its different states, is involved in all biotic phenomena. The actual structure of liquid water is unknown (existing models have never been experimentally verified). In the seawater is the source of all the salt or fresh water available on the globe. Water is the main constituent of living beings, it is a medium that does not forget the substances it dissolves.

1997 Prolonged research by Professor Maurice Aubert at the International Sea University (former CERBOM [Center d'Etudes et de Recherches de Biologie et d'Oceangraphie]), in Nice, studies the absorption of marine minerals by the biocenosis of phyto and zooplankton, restoring them in the form of organic salts, demonstrating the bioavailability of the latter.

Aubert demonstrates that even microfiltered seawater is a complex solution of semicrystalline colloids, which include short carbon chains from living things (among others, from plankton DNA), chains that have an increased bioavailability.

It is not true that the base of the ecological pyramid ends in the zoo and phyto-plankton: the phytoplankton rests on the marine plasma, which is the true base and energetic-nutrient support and vitalizer of all the rest. The elements that ‘ascend’ by [marine plasma → phytoplankton → zooplankton] are modified and bio-available (‘organized‘)

1998 Rutherford and Lindquist publish the role that the "thermal shock protein" Hsp90 has in the generation of genetic mutations that occur in case of temperature change.

1998 1. Williams Darren publishes in “Nature” a work that confirms the concepts pointed out in 1896 by Quinton in his writing “Les deux poles foyers d’origine, Origine austral de l’homme”, a century earlier

1998 Rapport Delphis reports marine circular currents of very stable physical and biological characteristics, called ‘vortex‘, detected by spatial images. Some European laboratories that use marine plasma non-parenterally, capture the marine water of these areas, 30 meters deep and 10 meters from the seabed.

1999 Isaacs confirms on the ‘hydrogen bond’ that water molecules occupy many free sites of living organisms and allow to structure numerous molecules, including DNA (the double helix of DNA contains more than 27,000 water molecules)

1999 Published in Spanish translation (made by Álvaro Altes, and extended by Laureano

Alberto Domínguez), Andre Mahe's book "Le secret des nos origines", which summarizes René Quinton's Thought. This book contains addendum by Paul Macouin and Dr. Marco Francisco Payá Torres.

2000 Claudine Luu, PhD in Pharmacy and Science from the University of Montpellier, arrives, after her research, the following conclusion: “Water is the main constituent of living systems, and does not forget the substances it dissolves (... ). It can thus receive, transmit and even memorize, or amplify, effects of always variable physical conditions, whose origin is in our near or distant environment ”

2000 May Laureano Alberto Domínguez, Ángel Gracia, Francisco Javier Martínez, Maria Jesús Clavera, Josep Antoni Cuatrecasas and Leonor Marin give a series of talks, broadcast on TV, about ‘Therapeutic Properties of Sea Water’ in Mataro (Barcelona, ​​Spain)

2000 Oct 20 Presentation of the Tha Thalassa Thermal City Project Tarragona in Tarragona (Spain), by Carmen Sánchez, Javier Gómez, Laureano Domínguez, Joan Miquel Coll, and 13 organizing entities.

2000 Dec 20 Experience of marine dog replacement in dogs, carried out by veterinarian José Antonín Cuatrecasas. In his clinic he extracts 200 c.c. of blood to a beagle dog and then supplies 300 c.c. of marine plasma, without the appearance of PROBLEMS and with excellent recovery. Two more veterinarians participate and witness Laureano Domínguez, José Aranda, Ángel Gracia, Javier Martínez and Maria Jesús Clavera.

2001 Feb 8 In Barcelona (Spain), under the impulse of Colombian journalist Laureano A. Domínguez “PRODIMAR”, (Marine Dispensaries Project) is founded at the headquarters of the Association “Plural-21” (Association for the care of life in a living planet)

2001 Feb 23 Powered by PRODIMAR, Laureano Alberto Domínguez, Ángel Gracia, Francisco Javier Martínez and Maria Jesús Clavera give lectures (transmitted in real time over the Internet) on the topic 'Blood plasma as a substitute for blood plasma' at the College of Nursing from Ciudad Real (Spain) with the collaboration of the Medical Association of the same province. The results of the experiments carried out at the University of Barcelona and Mataro Veterinary Hospital (Barcelona) are presented

2001 Apr 28 Laureano Alberto Domínguez, Ángel Gracia, Francisco Javier Martínez, Maria Jesús Clavera, Miquel Coll and José Aranda give a seminar on 'Therapy with Marine Plasma' in Barcelona, ​​within the Monographic Program on Hydrology and Climatology, belonging to the First Course ( 2000-2001) of the 'Postgraduate Diploma in Naturist Medicine' of the University of Barcelona. From this year, Laureano Domínguez's collaboration with this diploma will be annual, inviting various collaborators.

2002 Feb 28 First International Symposium “Seawater source of health and life: therapeutic, veterinary and nutritional applications” held in Medellín (Colombia) from February 28 to March 2, 2002. Speakers are Colombians Laureano Alberto Domínguez, Rosa Magdalena Uscátegui, Wilmer Soler and Gonzalo Londoño, and the Spaniards Ángel Gracia, Francisco Javier Martínez and Mariano Arnal.

2002 March Powered by Laureano A. Domínguez, several Marine Dispensaries are founded in various parts of Colombia, as well as a regular marine water supply system

2002 Jul 5 to 14 The (sub) congress "THERAPEUTIC AND NUTRITIVE USE OF SEA WATER" is held, within the "World Conference for Life" (World Conference for Life) in Badalona and Barcelona, ​​(Spain), holding a congress parallel in Medellin (Colombia). The speakers act as: Diego A. Rodríguez-Leal, F. Javier Martínez, French Minguel, José Antonín Cuatrecasas, Laureano Domínguez, Maria J. Clavera, Mariano Arnal, Montserrat Palacín, Silvana González, and Wilmer Soler. Coordinator: Laureano A. Domínguez.

2002 Sep Laureano Domínguez promotes in Colombia the construction of a seawater extraction well in Caño Dulce and the foundation of a Marine Dispensary in La Ceja. They collaborate Santander Bolìvar, Hèctor Giraldo, Monika Lenz, and Jorge Humberto Gallego, among many others.

2002 Oct 6 to 11 Within the XIII National Oceanography Congress held in Puerto Vallarta, JALISCO, MEXICO, the presentation “Marine Dispensaries for Third World Nutrition”, presented by Dr. Hector Bustos- Serrano, Ángel Gracia and Laureano Domínguez .

2002 Dec In Colombia there are 14 Marine Dispensaries, in: Santa Fe de Bogotá (two), Pacho, Girardot, La Ceja, Rionegro, EI Santuario, Medellín, Magangue, San Onofre, VilIavicencio, Cali, Buenaventura, Barranquilla and Santa Verónica

2002 Dec 30 The Aqua Aquamaris Foundation constituye is established in Badalona (Barcelona, Spain), in order to ‘promote the study and application of therapeutic and nutritional values of seawater’. Promoted by Mariano Arnal, Francisco Sánchez and Laureano Domínguez, it has more than 20 founders.

2003 Jan 9 Interview in Paris with Mme. Laure Schneiter-Quinton, granddaughter and official depositary of the total legacy of René Quinton's work. Interlocutors: Francisco Sánchez and Laureano Domínguez (representing Fundación Aquamaris) and Dr. Montserrat Palacín

2003 Feb Dr. Silvana Gonzalez Lessa promotes the Marine Method in Uruguay. Argentine listeners are interested. On February 10 the first Marine Dispensary of Uruguay is founded, with the name ‘René Quinton’, in the ‘La Paloma’ Spa of the Department of Rocha, being its medical director Dr. Alberto Barboza Altes

2003 Feb In Colombia there are 9 Marine Dispensaries, with 34 volunteers, in: Santa Fe de Bogotá (two), La Ceja, Rionegro, Medellín, Magangue, Cali, Buenaventura and Santa Verónica

2003 Feb 13 to 23

Laureano Domínguez promotes the Marine Method in Nouakchot (Mauritania), in order to nutritionally help the famine of the sub-Saharan fringe. Video presentations are made at the University of Nouakchot and other student and volunteer centers. Institutional contacts are established and projects are promoted.

2003 May 1-4 International Interuniversity Dialogue Meeting About ‘AGUA DE MAR’ at the University of La Laguna (Santa Cruz de Tenerife) and University of Las Palmas (Santa Cruz de La Palma), in the Canary Islands (Spain). Speakers: Carlos Enrique Álvarez, Laureano Domínguez, F. Javier Martínez, María Jesús Clavera, Nadina Mestre Mendoza, Francisco de Paula Domínguez, Wilmer Soler, Alberto Barboza, Silvana González Lessa, Mariano Arnal, Leonor Martín, Juan Guillermo Mejía, Francisco Sánchez Morales , Ángel Gracia Rodrigo


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